Steve Davis used a grape to mark out this imaginary line, so you can practise not ending up straight on. Play thin off a red and try to get the cue ball back in behind the line, as close to the cushion as you can.
Put a colour near the top cushion and try to get the white in behind that ball. That works on focus and concentration. Pool is great for working on your angles, which has really helped me. I like to chill out to get focused and gather my thoughts, either with my coach or on my own.
Kyren is sponsored by Cuepower. Looking to improve your snooker skills? Article courtesy of cuepower. Keep going and keep learning. Great tips Kyren, thanks. I will sure make notes and try some myself. The name instantly stuck with the players. Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game mainly for the gentry , and many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play.
To accommodate the growing interest, smaller and more open snooker-specific clubs were formed. The game of snooker grew in the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century, and by the first World Snooker Championship  had been organised by Joe Davis who, as a professional English billiards and snooker player, moved the game from a pastime activity into a more professional sphere.
The game went into a decline through the s and s with little interest generated outside of those who played. In , Davis introduced a variation of the game known as "snooker plus" see the Variations section below to try to improve the game's popularity by adding two extra colours, but it never caught on.
A major advance occurred in , when David Attenborough commissioned the snooker television series Pot Black to demonstrate the potential of colour television with the green table and multi-coloured balls being ideal for showing off the advantages of colour broadcasting. In a total of The objective of the game is to score more points than one's opponent by potting object balls in the correct order.
At the start of a frame, the balls are positioned as shown, and the players then take turns to hit shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue , their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point, or, if this is not possible, to at least hit a red ball so as to avoid making a foul shot. If the striker pots a red ball, he or she must then pot one of the six "colours" in snooker, the term colour is understood to exclude the red balls.
If the player successfully pots a colour, the value of that ball is added to the player's score, and the ball is returned to its starting position on the table.
After that, the player must pot another red ball, then another colour, and so on. This process continues until the striker fails to pot the desired ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot.
The game continues in this manner until all the reds are potted and only the six colours are left on the table. When the final ball is potted, the player with more points wins.
A player may also concede a frame while on strike if he or she thinks there are not enough points available on the table to beat the opponent's score. In professional snooker this is a common occurrence. Points may also be scored in a game when a player's opponent fouls. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for failing to hit the correct ball e. Points gained from a foul vary from a minimum of four, to a maximum of seven if the black ball is involved.
The total number of consecutive points excluding fouls that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a " break ". A player attaining a break of 15, for example, could have reached it by potting a red then a black, then a red then a pink, before failing to pot the next red. The traditional maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding points; this is often known as a "" or a "maximum".
This is achieved via the opponent leaving a free ball , with the black being potted as the additional colour, and then potting 15 reds and blacks with the colours. Jamie Cope has the distinction of being the first player in snooker history to post a verified break, achieved in a practice frame in One game , from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a " frame ".
A match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match. Most professional matches require a player to win five frames, and are called "best of nine" as that is the maximum possible number of frames. Professional and competitive amateur matches are officiated by a referee who is the sole judge of fair play.
The referee also replaces the colours on the table when necessary and calls out how many points the player has scored during a break.
Professional players usually play the game in a sporting manner, declaring fouls the referee has missed, acknowledging good shots from their opponent, or holding up a hand to apologise for fortunate shots, also known as "flukes".
Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts needed often, due to the length of a full-size table , a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard. One drawback of snooker on a full-size table is the size of the room 22 by 16 feet 6. While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls.
The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. The variants in table size are: Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible. A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus, and records units, tens and hundreds via horizontal sliding pointers. A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire". Each bead segment of the string represents a single point.
Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue. Professional snooker players can play on the World Snooker main tour ranking circuit. Ranking points , earned by players through their performances over the previous two seasons, determine the current world rankings. The elite of professional snooker are generally regarded as the "top 16" ranking players,  who are not required to pre-qualify for three of the tournaments, namely the Shanghai Masters , Australian Open and the World Snooker Championship.
The most important event in professional snooker is the world championship,  held annually since except during World War II and between and The tournament has been held at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield , England, since , and was sponsored by Embassy from to It was announced in January that the — world championships would be sponsored by online casino The championship is currently sponsored by Betfred.
The group of tournaments that come next in importance are the other ranking tournaments. Players in these tournaments score world ranking points. A high ranking ensures qualification for the next year's tournaments, opportunities to play in invitational tournaments and an advantageous draw in tournaments. Third in line are the invitational tournaments, to which most of the highest ranked players are invited. The most important tournament in this category is the Masters ,  which to most players is the second or third most sought-after prize.
In an attempt to answer criticisms that televised matches can be slow or get bogged down in lengthy safety exchanges and that long matches cause problems for advertisers,  an alternative series of timed tournaments has been organised by Matchroom Sport chairman Barry Hearn.
The shot-timed Premier League Snooker was established, with seven players invited to compete at regular United Kingdom venues, televised on Sky Sports. Players had twenty-five seconds to take each shot, with five time-outs per player per match. While some success was achieved with this format, it generally did not receive the same amount of press attention or status as the regular ranking tournaments. However, this event has been taken out of the tour since , when the Champion of Champions was established.
There are also other tournaments that have less importance, earn no world ranking points and are not televised. These can change on a year-to-year basis depending on calendars and sponsors. In , the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association submitted an unsuccessful bid for snooker to be played at the Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
Several players, such as Ronnie O'Sullivan, Mark Allen and Steve Davis, have warned that there are so many tournaments that players risk burning out. In , O'Sullivan played fewer tournaments in order to spend more time with his children, and ended the —13 season ranked No.
Furthermore, he did not play any tournament in except the world championship, which he won. In the professional era that began with Joe Davis in the s and continues until the present day, a relatively small number of players have succeeded at the top level. Through the decades, certain players have tended to dominate the game, but none more than its original star player, Joe Davis.
Davis was world champion for twenty years, retiring unbeaten after claiming his fifteenth world title in when the tournament was reinstated after the Second World War. Davis was unbeaten in world championship play, and was only ever beaten four times in his entire life, with all four defeats coming after his world championship retirement and inflicted by his own brother Fred. He did lose matches in handicapped tournaments, but on level terms these four defeats were the only losses of his entire career.
It is regarded as highly unlikely that anyone will ever dominate the game to his level again. By he was deemed ready by his brother to take over the mantle but lost the world final to the Scotsman Walter Donaldson. After this setback, Davis and Donaldson contested the next four finals, Davis proving the stronger player.
After the abandonment of the world championship in , with the final boycotted by British professionals, the Professional Match Play Championship became the unofficial world championship in all but name.